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Glossary
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S
  From the Latin word scala, meaning ladder. The notes of a scale move up or down by 2nds (steps).
  Playfully.
  A fast, vigorous piece or movement in 3/4 time.
  The interval that spans two letter names. (Ex. C up to D, or F down to E). On the staff: line-to-the-next-space or space-to-the-next-line.
  Simple. To be played simply, straightforwardly.
  Always. For example, sempre staccato means to continue playing staccato.
A sudden, strong accent.
A sharp raises the note one half step.
sim. Similarly. Continue in the same way (same pedaling, same use of staccato, etc.).
  The interval that spans six letter names (Ex. C up to A). On the staff: line-(skip-2-lines)-space, or space-(skip-2-spaces)-line.
Connect the notes over or under a slur. Indicates legato playing.
  Dying away (get softer).
  Piece for solo piano, or solo instrument and piano. The classical sonata usually has 3 movements, the first in sonata-allegro form.
  A musical form commonly used for first movements of sonatas, symphonies, quartets, etc.
  A little sonata.
  Above; as in left hand above the right hand.
  With a sustaining tone. Suggests a slightly slower tempo and a rich legato.
  Literally, under the voice; very soft, subdued dynamic.
  With a spirited tempo.
Play staccato notes detached, disconnected.
The wedge was used by Beethoven and other early composers to indicate staccato.
  Chopin uses the term to indicate forward motion; a slightly pushed tempo.
sub. Suddenly. For example, subito piano means suddenly soft.
  A set of short pieces, often written in dance forms.
  Eighth notes played in a long-short pattern.
  A major composition for orchestra. A symphony has several sections called movements.