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Glossary
Overview
A
B - C
D - F
G - L
M - O
P - R
S
T - Z
M - O
  But.
  But not too fast.
  Major.
  An eight-note scale with half steps between scale degrees 3-4 and 7-8.
marc. Marked; each note well-articulated.
  A piece of music used for marching, usually with two beats or four beats in a measure.
  A Polish folk dance in 3/4 time.
  Less. For example, meno mosso means less motion.
  Minor.
  A stately dance in 3/4 time. The dance was popular in the 1700s.
  Mysteriously.
  Very. For example, molto rit. means to make a big ritard.
A Baroque ornament that embellishes the principal note by "trilling" with its lower neighbor.
  Motion.
  Motion.
A natural (always a white key) cancels a sharp or a flat.
  Not too much. For example, adagio non troppo means slowly, but not too slowly.
  A collection of pieces by J.S. Bach, his sons, and friends, presented to his wife Anna Magdalena as a gift.
  A collection of pieces by J.S. Bach used for teaching his son Wilhelm Friedemann and his other children.
  The interval which spans 8 letter names (Ex. C to C).
  A drama set to music, with singing, acting, and sometimes dancing. In an opera, the characters express themselves by singing instead of speaking.
  A small opera; often a comedy. The musicals of today are modern operettas.
Op. Work. A composer's compositions are often arranged in sequence with each work given an opus number. Several pieces may be included in a single opus. Ex.: Op. 3, No. 1; Op. 3, No. 2, etc.
  A major composition based on a religious text which includes vocal solos, choruses and instrumental ensembles.
Play one octave higher than written. When indicated below the staff, play one octave lower.
  An orchestral piece which begins an opera. The overture usually contains themes heard later in the opera.