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Glossary
Overview
A
B - C
D - F
G - L
M - O
P - R
S
T - Z
G - L
  A three-note chord built in 3rds above G: G-B-D.
  An eight-note scale (G-A-B-C-D-E-F#-G) with half steps between scale degrees 3-4 and 7-8.
  A four-note chord built up in 3rds from G (G-B-D-F). The notes of the G chord are often inverted to form a 3-note G7 chord.
  An old French dance in 4/4 time, beginning with two upbeats. The gavotte is more lively than the minuet.
  Jovially (cheerfully).
A decorative note, written in small type. Grace notes are played quickly. Also called a short appoggiatura, the ornament is generally played on the beat for music of the Baroque and Classical periods (See also appoggiatura).
  Gracefully.
Two counts or beats (one-half the value of a whole note)
Two counts of silence (sits on line 3 of the staff).
  The distance from one key to the very closest key on the keyboard (Ex. C-C#, or E-F).
Hob. Haydn's works do not have opus numbers. Consequently, the musicologist Hoboken researched and numbered them. Today we use the Hoboken numbers in listing the works of Haydn.
  In the bass.
  A light piece to be played between acts of a play or opera (or, a piece of this character).
  The distance between two musical tones, keys on the keyboard, or notes on the staff (Ex. 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th).
  An opening piece of a festive character.
  The key signature appears at the beginning of each line of music. It indicates sharps or flats to be used throughout the piece.
  Very slowly.
  A short line used to extend the staff.
  Smoothly, connected.
  With a light touch.
  Slowly. Slower than adagio.
  In the range written. (Follows an ottava mark).
  A soft, gentle song to lull a child to sleep.
  Long (Italian). Wait as long as you wish.