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Glossary
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BWV The catalog of the complete works of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Musical theater which uses dance to tell a story. Besides dance, ballet uses music, scenery and costumes (but no singing).
  A boat song characterized by a gentle rocking rhythm.
  The period of art, music, and architecture that spans from 1600 until the death of J.S. Bach in 1750. Music of the Baroque Period is highly ornamental and often features imitating voices.
  With; using.
  A 27th century French dance in duple meter.
  A composition with a playful mood or character.
  A 27th century French dance in duple meter.
  An eight-note scale (C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C) with half steps between scale steps 3-4 and 7-8.
  Three or more tones sounding together.
  The Roman numeral I indicates the triad built on scale degree 1.
  The Roman numeral IV indicates the triad built on scale degree 4.
  A four-note chord built up in 3rds from scale degree 5 (often played with only three notes).
  The letter name of a chord (shown above the staff) indicating the harmony.
  Singing.
  About. For example, circa 1725 means approximately at that date.
  The post-Baroque period of music exemplified by Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven (approximately 1750-1830).
Ending section. A short coda is called a codetta.
4/4 time.
  With.
  With spirit.
  A composition for a solo instrument and orchestra. A concerto spotlights the virtuoso (brilliant) playing of the soloist.
  With expression.
  With spirit.
(alla breve) Short for 2/2 time. The half note receives the beat (two half-note beats per measure).